Day One The work of day one at first appears to include only the creation of light. Howeve

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Day One The work of day one at first appears to include only the creation of light. However, if in keeping with Exodus 20:11 all things were created within this week, then day one actually begins in verse one, with the creation of the watery void called "Earth." Besides the initial creation of the Earth in a waste and void (i.e., unformed and unfilled) condition on day one, the Creator also calls light out of nowhere into existence. Henry Morris suggests what this may have involved: It is obvious that visible light is primarily meant, since it was set in contrast to darkness. At the same time, the presence of visible light waves necessarily involves the entire electromagnetic spectrum.... In turn, setting the electromagnetic forces into operation in effect completed the energizing of the physical cosmos. All the types of force and energy which interact in the universe involve only electromagnetic, gravitational, and nuclear forces; and all these had now been activated (1976, p 56). Moses makes no excuses for teaching that light existed prior to the luminaries. H.C. Leupold appropriately comments, "If scientists now often regard light as merely enveloping the Sun but not as an intrinsic part of it, why could it not have existed by itself without being localized in any heavenly body?" (1942, p 55). The discussion of day one concludes with the phrase, "And there was evening and there was morning, one day" (ASV). Many have taken this to mean that the creation days were reckoned from evening to evening in keeping with the Hebrew custom. However, this view, "...fails utterly, because verse 5 reports the conclusion of this day's work not its beginning" (Leupold, p 56). Thomas Aquinas agrees and explains further: The reason for mentioning the evening first is that as the evening ends the day, which begins with the light, the termination of the light at evening precedes the termination of the darkness, which ends with the morning (`Summa I,' p 377). Derek Kidner comments: "The [King James Version's] `the evening and the morning were' gives the misleading impression that the reckoning starts with evening. Rather translate it `evening came and morning came'..." (1967, p 47). These considerations lead to the conclusion that the days of the Earth's first week were not reckoned according to Hebrew custom (from sunset to sunset) or like the current practice (from midnight to midnight), but instead from sunrise to sunrise ("" is used figuratively for days one to three since the Sun was not created until day four). Keil concurs: "The first day commenced at the moment when God caused the light to break forth from the darkness..." (1980, p 51). This point is significant when one considers the false charge that God is here pictured as going about His activities as a faithful Jew. This is further proof that Genesis 1 is not Hebrew myth; for what spinner of Jewish folklore would dream of Jehovah beginning His days in the morning?


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