Day four is somewhat unique among the other days of creation. For
the first time the Earth is not the direct object of the action of God.
Instead, the divine attention is directed to the creation and
ordination of the heavenly bodies which surround the Earth. By His
omnipotence God speaks the planets and stars into being. From man's
standpoint they are lights in space. They do not appear to the unaided
eye as anything else; so there is no need (in this context) for Moses
to discuss them in any other way. Earth's exalted status is portrayed
in the fact that the stars and planets were brought into existence for
the benefit of the Earth. This is far different from the view that says
Earth is little more than a cosmic accident!
These luminaries are to accomplish three specific purposes: (1)
they are to regulate between day and night; (2) they are to be
indicators of signs and seasons. [This seems to imply that a study of
the regularities of these bodies would enable man to calibrate his
activities against a cosmic standard. The superstitions of astrology
are not under consideration here, only the beneficial results of
astronomy.] (3) the light-bearers are to give light upon the Earth.
Although they are not called by name, the Sun and Moon are discussed in
particular. The Sun, which is greater in its intensity of light, is
responsible for illuminating the realm of day. The Moon, which only
reflects light (thus the "lesser" light), is given the function of
providing the majority of nighttime illumination.
Again, theistic evolutionists are embarrassed with the fact that
evolution teaches a different order of events. Asimov notes that
...makes it clear that Earth is older than any of the
heavenly bodies.... The scientific view is quite different.
The formation of the solar system out of the original cloud
was of such a nature that all its bodies were formed at
essentially the same time. The sun, moon, and all the
planets, satellites, asteroids, and comets are essentially
the same age; each one is about 4.6 billion years old (p 47).
Where is the harmony between evolution and Genesis?
One cannot help but be impressed with the offhand manner with which
the creation of the stars is mentioned. It is almost as if Moses is
saying with nonchalance, "Oh, by the way, the stars are also the
handiwork of God." This strikes a contemptuous blow against those in
ancient times who elevated the stars to the position of deity! Evening
and morning came, and day four was finished.